The Bruges Group spearheaded the intellectual battle to win a vote to leave the European Union and, above all, against the emergence of a centralised EU state.

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European Union Power

George Buchan 


In this paper George Buchan examines the nature of democracy. He goes back to the fundamental principles, concepts and values which create democratic legitimacy and finds through his analysis of the European Union that the EU cannot be described as a democratically legitimate organisation.

The European Union is a structure of political power existing and working above the level of the nation-state, the only body that allows democracy to function.

Click here to read the full paper online