The Bruges Group spearheads the intellectual battle against the notion of "ever-closer Union" in Europe and, above all, against British involvement in a single European state.

Martin Ball 

Martin Ball works as the public affairs officer of a national charity. He is the author of 'The Conservative Conference and Euro–sceptic Motions 1992–95', and co–authored 'Conservative MEPs and the European People’s Party: Time for Divorce' and 'Federalist Thought Control: The Brussels Propaganda Machine', allpublished by the Bruges Group. He has a degree in Politics from the University of Nottingham and a Master ’s degree in Political Economy from the University of Sheffield. His articles,book reviews and letters appear regularly in a wide range of publications.

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Gerard Batten MEP 

Gerard Batten is the UK Independence Party Member of the European Parliament for London. He was a founder member of UKIP in 1993, and the first Party Secretary from 1994 to 1997. He was elected to the European parliament in June 2004. He is a member of the European Parliament's Security & Defence Committee, and is the UKIP spokesman on Security & Defence.

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Christopher Booker 

Christopher Booker is a columnist for The Sunday Telegraph. He is the author of the Bruges Group paper Britain and Europe: The Culture of Deceit. And also co-wrote Scared To Death: From BSE To Global Warming, Why Scares Are Costing Us The Earth.

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George Buchan 

George Buchan is originally from the North East of Scotland, and has a BA (Hons.) in Sociology from the University of Strathclyde and a Masters Degree in Strategic Studies from the University of Aberdeen. Since leaving University in 2004, George has worked in security analysis and business consultancy in London, and teaching in France and Switzerland. He co-founded the languages and communications company Celangue Sàrl in Geneva where is Partner, and is also a freelance writer. George’s academic interests have always been strategic studies, and following creating his own website on international relations and security, he has now established and maintains the website A New Scottish Politic is focused on trying to promote in Scotland a new centre-right way of politics. George is fluent in both English and French, and after a spell living in Italy, lives on the French-Swiss border with his Swiss wife.

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Michael Burrage 

Michael Burrage is entrepreneur, the founder-director of a specialist telecoms company. He has been a research fellow at Harvard, Uppsala, the Free University in Berlin and UC Berkeley, a lecturer at LSE, and a visiting professor at Hokkaido, Kyoto, Kansai and Hosei universities. He is the author of Revolution & the Making of the Contemporary Legal Profession in France, the United States and England (OUP 2004) and Class, State& Civil Society in France, the United States, Russia & England (Macmillan) and edited Martin Trow: Twentieth Century Higher Education: From Elite to Mass to Universal (Johns Hopkins, 2010). His articles have appeared in a variety of academic journals, Daedalus, American Sociological Review et al. He also wrote a study for Ernst & Young which they published called Hunting for Heffalumps & Gazelles: 25 questions about contemporary British entrepreneurs answered by a search party (2002). And conducted a survey commissioned by NTT (Tokyo) on Telephone use in Manhattan, Tokyo, Paris & London, published in English as an LSE working paper in 2001.

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Professor Tim Congdon 

Professor Tim Congdon, CBE is the director and head of Lombard Street Research. Sunday Business described him as, “The best forecaster among Chancellor Ken Clarke’s seven wise men …” Professor Congdon has been the most consistently accurate forecaster of the British economy in the last 15 years. He was appointed to the Treasury Panel of Independent Forecasters in December 1993 and awarded the CBE in 1997 for services to economic debate. Professor Condon is on the Bruges Group's Academic Advisory Council.

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Bernard Connolly 

Bernard Connolly is the author of the acclaimed book on the ERM and EMU, The Rotten Heart of Europe: the Dirty War for Europe’s Money. Widely regarded as one of the foremost experts on the interaction of economics, politics and markets, he is an internationally respected financial market economist working in the City.

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Professor Christie Davies 

Professor Christie Davies M.A. PhD ( Cantab) is an author and academic . His main research interests are in the comparative and historical study of morality and of humour.He has given lectures by invitation at universities and institutes in Bulgaria, Canada, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Malaysia, Norway, and Poland, has been a visiting lecturer in the United States and taught in Australia. Professor Davies is a member of the Bruges Group's Academic Advisory Council. His most recent book is The Strange Death of Moral Britain, New Brunswick NJ , Transaction, 2004.

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Graham Eardley 

Graham Eardley is the Bruges Group’s representative in the West Midlands. He was the first Conservative Councillor to be elected for the Brownhills Ward in Walsall. Graham later became the leader of the UKIP group on Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council following his defection to them in January 2004. He represented the Bruges Group on the UK delegation to the EU counter summit in Nice, December 2000. His media appearances include Newsnight, Jonathan Dimbleby and the BBC One O'Clock News. He also regularly contributes to regional programming in the West Midlands. Graham is also an Associate Member of the Institute of Credit Management.

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Nigel Farage MEP 

Nigel Farage is the Leader of the UK Independence Party and is also an MEP for the South East. He was a Commodity Broker in the City and ran his own brokerage fi rm. Nigel was active in the Conservative Party until the overthrow of Margaret Thatcher. He is a member of the Countryside Alliance, the East India Club, the Countryside Restoration Trust, the RNLI, the Institute of Fisheries Management, and the Western Front Association. Nigel is a member of the Bruges Group.

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Margit Gennser 

Swedish MP, Moderate Party, writer and Co-founder of the Swedish centre-right pro-Krona campaigning organisation "Medborgere mot EMU" ("Citizens against EMU") established to present the case against euro membership

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Marc Glendening 

Marc Glendenning is the Campaign Director of the Democracy Movement.

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John Griffing 

John Griffing is published across an array of conservative media both in the realm of commentary and research. John is a frequent contributor to World Net Daily and American Thinker, a prominent national publication with readership in the millions.. He is also the Chief Political Correspondent for Patriot Statesman, a post which includes reviewing submissions and coordinating new political content. John has also written front-page articles for Canyon News, a large circulation newspaper in Beverly Hills. His interview credits include Fortune 500 executives and key authors and policy makers. In his spare time, John does PR work for various local political candidates. John has more recently cultivated media relationships with the Young Transatlantic Conservative Alliance (YTCA), a rising media voice with highly placed international sponsors.

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Daniel Hannan MEP 

Daniel Hannan is a Conservative MEP for South East England. He is a writer for the Telegraph and the German newspaper Die Welt. He sits on the European Parliament’s Constitutional Affairs Committee, and was amongst the first in Britain to call for a referendum on the EU constitution. His publications include 'A Treaty Too Far', 'The Euro: Bad for Business' and 'What if Britain votes No?' He speaks French and Spanish, and has been a member of the Bruges Group since 1991. He is also the author of the Bruges Group paper 'The Case for EFTA'.

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Roger Helmer MEP 

In 1999 Roger Helmer was elected as the Conservative MEP for the East Midlands. He is now a member of the UK Independence Party. He has worked with several multinational companies including Procter & Gamble, National Semiconductor, Reader's Digest, Tootal Group/ Coats Viyella, and Guinness PLC. Roger has spent more than 10 years living and working abroad, mainly in south-east Asia. Roger has sat on two European Parliament committees - Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy; and Employment and Social Affairs. He is also a member of the ASEAN delegation. Roger's candid opinions on the defence of the British nation state and the protection of its sovereignty provide a strong voice for the EU-sceptic cause in the 'heart of darkness'.

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Dr Brian Hindley 

Brian Hindley, former Co-Chairman of the Bruges Group, was Emeritus Reader in Trade Policy Economics at the London School of Economics. His recent publications included Better Off Out? (with Martin Howe Q.C.) (revised edition, Institute of Economic Affairs, 2001); Nice and After, (Centre for Policy Studies, 2001) and "What subjects are suitable for WTO agreement?" in Daniel L. M. Kennedy and James D. Southwick (eds), The Political Economy of International Trade Law: Essays in Honor of Robert E. Hudec, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002) Brian Hindley was British. His A.B. (1961) and Ph.D. (1967), however, are both from the University of Chicago.

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Dr Martin Holmes 

Dr Martin Holmes is well known as a leading Oxford University academic specialisng in political economy. In October 1987 he was appinted Senior Visiting Research Fellow at Mansfield College, Oxford, where he has subsequently been Director of the College of Business Administration (UNL) Programme since 1989. In October 1993 he was also appointed as Lecturer in Politics at St Hugh's College, Oxford. He is the author of numerous books on British political economy.

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Damon Lambert 

Damon Lambert is the UK Corporate Tax Director of a major European Bank. Previously, he worked for 11 years in KPMG’s financial sector practice where he specialised in advising on mergers and acquisitions, primarily for financial sector multinationals. The advice he provided to clients included amongst other issues the impact of the EU and the ECJ on UK tax law. Damon is a qualified Chartered Accountant. He regularly writes on European Tax matters and was a member of the working party on the Tax Reform Commission instigated by George Osborne, co-authoring the chapters on business taxation and tax reforms in other jurisdictions.

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The Rt Hon. Lord Lamont of Lerwick 

Politician, writer and company director. Lord Lamont was the Conservative Member of Parliament for Kingston-upon-Thames from 1972-97, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1990-93. Lord Lamont is also Vice-President of the Bruges Group.

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Sally McNamara 

Sally McNamara graduated from Loughborough University in 1998 with a BA (Hons) in Politics. She went on to work as Press Officer for the East Midlands Conservative Party, specifically Roger Helmer & Chris Heaton-Harris MEP’s. She also acted as Spokesman for the Regional Party in the 2001 General Election. In 1999 she was elected to Nottingham City Council, before moving to Brussels in 2002 to act as Political Assistant to Roger Helmer MEP. Sally now work for the American Legislative Exchange Council in Washington D.C., as International Relations Project Director.

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 John Midgley   

John Midgley is the Co-Founder of the Campaign Against Political Correctness. He is a regular media contributor and speaker on behalf of the Campaign and has written various papers on the subject. In conjunction with his wife, Laura, he has written two books – The Politically Correct Scrapbook and The Second Politically Correct Scrapbook – which undermine political correctness through humour. John is a Partner in a Central London law firm, a school governor and was the Conservative Party’s Parliamentary Candidate in Pendle.

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Ian Milne 

Ian Milne has been the Director of the cross-party think-tank Global Britain since 1999. He was the founder-editor (in 1993) of The European Journal, and the co-founder (in 1995) and first editor of eurofacts. He is the translator of Europe’s Road to War, by Paul-Marie Coûteaux, (published by The June Press), and the author of numerous pamphlets, articles and book reviews, mainly about the relationship between the UK and the European Union. His most recent publications are A Cost Too Far ? (Civitas, July 2004), an analysis of the net economic costs and benefits for the UK of EU membership, and Backing the Wrong Horse (Centre for Policy Studies, December 2004), a review of the UK’s trading arrangements and options for the future. He is chairman of companies involved in publishing and book distribution. He graduated in engineering from Cambridge University and has a forty-year career in industry and merchant banking in the UK, France and Belgium.

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Professor Patrick Minford CBE 

Professor Patrick Minford was awarded a CBE in January 1996 for services to economics. He was Professor of Applied Economics at the University of Liverpool from 1976 to 1997 and is currently Professor of the Cardiff Business School. Professor Minford is also the author of a cost/benefit analysis of Britain's European Union membership titled, 'Britain and Europe: The Balance Sheet'.

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Professor Kenneth Minogue 

Professor Kenneth R. Minogue was Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the London School of Economics, and a Senior Research Fellow with the Social Affairs Unit in London. Professor Minogue has involved himself in the wider world. He has been a regular columnist for The Times and The Times Higher Education Supplement and reviews in both intellectual and academic journals. He was a frequent commentator for radio and television on European Community issues' he was Chairman of the Bruges Group 1991-1993; he was a member of the Group's Academic Advisory Council and a director of the Centre for Policy Studies.

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Jeremy Nieboer 

Jeremy Nieboer, educated at Harrow School and Oxford, was called to the Bar in 1965 and admitted as a Solicitor in 1970. As a lawyer he specialises in corporate and commercial law. He worked with the Democracy Movement on opposition to EMU from 1998 – 2000 and does regular talks to schools, including 6th forms, on EU issues organised by Civitas. Here he has often debated against speakers from the European Movement and Britain in Europe. Jeremy Nieboer was the lead solicitor on the application to the High Court and Court of Appeal for a judicial review of the then Foreign Secretary’s (Douglas Hurd) decision to ratify the Maastricht Treaty in 1993. Here he worked alongside Bill Cash MP, Lord Rees – Mogg, David Pannick QC and Martin Howe QC on the application. He is the author of “The Pros and Cons of Economic and Monetary Union”. Jeremy is on the Advisory Board of the European Foundation.

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Dr Richard North 

After a brief career in the Royal Air Force, Richard North became a local government officer and then ran his own consultancy business for two decades.  He then moved into trade politics and thence to the European Parliament as research director for the group of European Democracies and Diversities.   Through this professional work, Richard obtained first hand experience of the damaging effects of Brussels directives and their interpretation by UK officials on British businesses, and has gained an unrivalled insight into the workings of the European Union. Along with Christopher Booker the Sunday Telegraph columnist, he is the co-author of The Great Deception, the seminal history of the European Union. Dr North has also written two books on bureaucracy and the EU, with Christopher Booker, and one on the death of British agriculture.

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Robert Oulds 

Robert Oulds is the Director of the Bruges Group. He has a degree in Politics and a Master's degree in Communications Management. Robert Oulds has been a Councillor in Chiswick since 2002. He is also the Standard-Bearer and Treasurer for the Chiswick Branch of the Royal British Legion. Robert Oulds is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.

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Leolin Price CBE QC 

Since 1968, Leolin Price has practised as Queen’s Counsel specialising in Trusts, Property, Company Law, Commercial Law, Taxation, Charity and all the areas that fall within (and in many cases falling outside) the scope of Chancery practice. His Chambers are 10 Old Square, Lincoln’s Inn. He is Queen’s Council in Australia. A recent case argues by him in the High Court of Australia was about limits to legislative power in that country. He has appeared in many important cases in the House of Lords and Privy Council and overseas including landmark cases in trust, company and tax law; conveyancing, landlord & tenant, university and professional negligence; about the relationship between the Courts and Parliament; the confidentiality of documents disclosed in civil and criminal proceedings; and immunity for what is said in the course of investigating crimes. His involvement in constitutional law and judicial review has taken him to court in cases involving the European Community, the Maastricht and Nice Treaties, education and the allocation of Lottery money.

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Dr Lee Rotherham 

Dr Lee Rotherham (he holds two research degrees on Quebec) is an adviser to the Bruges Group with a long acquaintance of Brussels. After working for the Westminster Group of Eight rebels, he became adviser to three successive Shadow Foreign Secretaries, including the present leader of the Conservative Party. He has worked in the European Parliament, and for the Rt Hon David Heathcoat-Amory, MP when the latter was Commons delegate to the Convention on the Future of Europe. As Conservative candidate in the 2001 elections, he fought Shaun Woodward in the infamous St Helens South 'Butler Campaign'. Longstanding Secretary of CAFE (Conservatives Against a Federal Europe), he has been published widely. Following mobilisation and a tour of duty in Iraq, he has recently established SKEPTIKA, an EU Consultancy. He has widely written on European issues. He is the author of EMU Understood and All At Sea; he has co-authored the Bluffers Guide to the EU, and the Centre for Policy Studies booklet Bloc Tory. He edited Who Represents Rural Britain and Professor Patrick Minford's cost/benefit analysis of EU membership, Britain and Europe: The Balance Sheet.

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Luke Stanley 

Luke Stanley graduated in 2014 with a BA in History from the University of Leicester, having won the Professor W. H. Brock Prize for the best history dissertation that year. He is the author of the Bruges Group papers ‘Forever Closer Union’, ‘A European Supra-National Identity’ and ‘The 'Dispossessed', the 'Never-Possessed' and the 'Bastards': Debunking Major's Myths of the Eurosceptics 1990-1997’ . Since graduating, Luke works as a researcher at the Get Britain Out campaign

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Dr Helen Szamuely 

Dr Helen Szamuely was born in the Soviet Union and attended school in Hungary, Ghana and Britain. She has a First Class degree from the University of Leeds and a D.Phil from the University of Oxford. She has written extensively on Russia, Eastern Europe and the European Union, and is co-author with Bill Jamieson of 'A Coming Home or Poisoned Chalice?', a critical study of European Union enlargement. Dr Szamuely also co-authored 'Alien Thoughts: Reflections on Identity' published by the Bruges Group.

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Gawain Towler 

Gawain Towler is the Head of Media for the eurosceptic Independence and Democracy Group in the European Parliament. Previous to that he was the founder and co-editor of the Brussels magazine, The Sprout. He was the lead author of the Centre for Policy Studies paper, "Bloc Tory" in 2001. He has written for a broad range of newspapers and journals in the UK and is a columnist for the American conservative weekly newspaper Human Events. Though formerly a Conservative (he stood for election in Glasgow in 2001 and 2003) and their advisor on International Development in the European Parliament he now works with UKIP. He can be reached at

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Philip Vander Elst 

Philip Vander Elst is a freelance author, journalist and lecturer, and a former editor of Freedom Today. He was a founder member of the Selsdon Group and worked on the staff of the Centre for Policy Studies and the Institute of Economic Affairs in the late 1970s. Over the last 30 years he has written widely on political, economic and philosophical subjects for papers in Britain and the United States, including the Daily Telegraph, the Spectator, the Sunday Times, the Political Quarterly, Human Events, and the American Spectator. He is also a former officer of the Oxford Union Debating Society and has been a visiting lecturer at many American universities and colleges. He has been a writer and broadcaster on radio and television on both sides of the Atlantic. His many publications include Resisting Leviathan: the Case Against A European State (Claridge Press 1991); Idealism Without Illusions: a Foreign Policy for Freedom (Freedom Association 1989), Libertarianism: a Christian Critique (Christian Institute 2003), and C.S. Lewis: a short introduction (Continuum, 2005).

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Professor Roland Vaubel 

Roland Vaubel is Professor of Economics at the University of Mannheim, Germany. As well as writing for the Bruges Group he is also the author of the IEA papers The European Institutions as an Interest Group: The Dynamics of Ever Closer Union (2009) and The Centralisation of Western Europe (1995).

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Marcus Watney 

Marcus Watney was an active member of the Liberal Party, and a constituency chairman, in the eighties under David Steel, fighting many council elections. In the mid-nineties he left the party, disillusioned by its uncritical support of the European Union. In 1997 he voted Referendum and in 1999 joined UKIP. He was a UKIP candidate in the 2001 General Election, campaigned in Malta for a No vote in their accession referendum in 2003, is a member of UKIP’s Exit Group, and in the 2004 euroelections was UKIP’s South West Regional spokesman. Professionally, he has 14 years' experience as a contract technical writer, being commissioned to explain complex things simply, an ideal background for anyone researching the morass of EU legislation.

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Stuart Wheeler 

Stuart Wheeler is a retired businessman and Founder of the spread betting company IG Group, he sold his remaining shares in 2003. After completing his National Service in the Welsh Guards, he practiced for three years as a Barrister and then spent ten years in merchant banking, starting IG Index in 1974; which enabled spread betting on the price of gold. IG Index was soon expanded to include commodity and financial futures. Stuart Wheeler, a campaigner for a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty, took the Government to Court for breaching their manifesto commitment to hold a referendum on the EU Constitution.

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Eat the Pound: Online Game

Published Papers

The EU’s attack on Britain’s most successful industry

The Dispossessed, the Never-Possessed and the Bastards

Everything you wanted to know about the EU

The Norway Option

Knife Edge: Montgomery and the Battle of the Bulge

Saying 'No' to the Single Market

Montgomery and the First War on Terror

UK’s risks and exposure to the EU

German Economic Policy and the Euro

A Lesson in Democracy

A Crisis of Trust

The City of London Under Threat

Cool Thinking on Climate Change

Are the British a Servile People?

The Costs of Regulation

The Principles of British Foreign Policy

Lost Illusions: British Foreign Policy

The Case for EFTA

Plan B For Europe

Will the EU's Constitution Rescue its Currency?

Galileo: The Military and Political Dimensions

The Fate of Britain's National Interest

Health and the Nation

Criminal Justice and the draft Constitution

Subsidiarity and the Illusion of Democratic Control

A Constitution to destroy Europe

Giscard d'Estaing's "Constitution": muddle and danger presented in absurd prolixity

Free Speech: The EU Version

Federalist Thought Control

Democracy In Crisis

European Union and the Politics of Culture

Britain and Europe: The Culture of Deceit

The Bank that rules Europe?

Conservative MEPs and the EPP: Time for Divorce

Bruges Revisited

Aiming for the Heart of Europe: A Misguided Venture

Is Europe Ready for EMU?

A Single European Currency: Why the United Kingdom must say 'No'

From Single Market to Single Currency